List of food plants native to the Americas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

A number of popular and commercially important food plants are native to the Americas. These foods were not introduced into Old World cuisines until the Columbian Exchange touched off by the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492.[1] Some of the more notable such food plants are listed below. Genera included in parentheses are exclusively American.

Grains[edit]

Legumes[edit]

Nightshades[edit]

A variety of tomato cultivars
Cubanelle peppers

Fruits[edit]

Nuts[edit]

Other[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nunn, Nathan; Qian, Nancy (2010). "The Columbian Exchange: A History of Disease, Food, and Ideas". Journal of Economic Perspectives. 24 (2): 163–188. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.232.9242. doi:10.1257/jep.24.2.163. JSTOR 25703506.
  2. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Zea mays". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  3. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Chenopodium quinoa". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  4. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Amaranthus cruentus". Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  5. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Phaseolus vulgaris". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  6. ^ Hijmans, RJ; Spooner, DM (2001). "Geographic distribution of wild potato species". American Journal of Botany. 88 (11): 2101–12. doi:10.2307/3558435. JSTOR 3558435.
  7. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Solanum lycopersicum". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  8. ^ "ASPT Monographs: Volume 84". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  9. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Capsicum annum". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  10. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Ananas comosus". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  11. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Psidium guajava". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  12. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Passiflora edulis". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  13. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Carica papaya". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  14. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Annona cherimola". Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  15. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Annona squamosa". Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  16. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Annona muricata". Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  17. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Asimina triloba". Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  18. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Hylocereus undatus". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  19. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Stenocereus thurberi". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  20. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Vitis labrusca". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  21. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Vaccinium parvifolium". Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  22. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Gaylussacia baccata". Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  23. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Fragaria ananassa". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  24. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Vaccinium corymbosum". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  25. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Vaccinium macrocarpon". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  26. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Rubus odoratus". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  27. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Rubus ursinus". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  28. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Prunus americana". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  29. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Prunus serotina". Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  30. ^ Moretzsohn, Márcio C.; Gouvea, Ediene G.; Inglis, Peter W.; Leal-Bertioli, Soraya C. M.; Valls, José F. M.; Bertioli, David J. (2013-01-01). "A study of the relationships of cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea) and its most closely related wild species using intron sequences and microsatellite markers". Annals of Botany. 111 (1): 113–126. doi:10.1093/aob/mcs237. ISSN 0305-7364. PMC 3523650. PMID 23131301.
  31. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Anacardium Occidentale". Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  32. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Carya illinoinensis". Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  33. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Juglans nigra". Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  34. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Bertholletia excelsa". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  35. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Theobroma cacao". Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  36. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Vanilla planifolia". Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  37. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Manihot esculenta". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  38. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Ipomoea batatas". Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  39. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Pachyrhizus erosus". Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  40. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Helianthus tuberosus". Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  41. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Helianthus annuus". Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  42. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Persea americana". Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  43. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Agave americana". Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  44. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Cucurbita pepo". Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  45. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Sechium edule". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  46. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Salvia hispanica". Retrieved 23 April 2017.